Tuesday, September 20, 2016

PINK EYE (Conjunctivitis)

Pink eye, also known as conjunctivitis, is one of the most common and treatable eye conditions in children and adults. It is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin, clear tissue that lines the inside of the eyelid and the white part of the eyeball. This inflammation makes blood vessels more visible and gives the eye a pink or reddish color.

What Causes Pink Eye?

There are four main causes of pink eye:
It can be difficult to determine the exact cause of pink eye because some signs and symptoms may be the same no matter the cause.

What Are the Symptoms of Pink Eye?

The symptoms of pink eye may vary depending on the cause but usually include:
  • Redness or swelling of the white of the eye or inside the eyelids
  • Increased amount of tears
  • White, yellow or green eye discharge
  • Itchy, irritated, and/or burning eyes
  • Increased sensitivity to light
  • Gritty feeling in the eye
  • Crusting of the eyelids or lashes

When to See a Healthcare Provider?

Most cases of pink eye are mild and get better on their own, even without treatment. However, there are times when it is important to see a healthcare provider for specific treatment and/or close follow-up. You should see a healthcare provider if you have pink eye along with any of the following:
  • Moderate to severe pain in your eye(s)
  • Sensitivity to light or blurred vision
  • Intense redness in the eye(s)
  • A weakened immune system, for example from HIV or cancer treatment
  • Symptoms that get worse or don't improve, including bacterial pink eye that does not improve after 24 hours of antibiotic use
  • Pre-existing eye conditions that may put you at risk for complications or severe infection

How Do I Stop Pink Eye from Spreading?

Pink eye caused by a virus or bacteria is very contagious and spreads easily and quickly from person to person. Pink eye that is caused by allergens or irritants is not contagious, but it is possible to develop a secondary infection caused by a virus or bacteria that is contagious. You can reduce the risk of getting or spreading pink eye by following some simple self-care steps:
  • Wash your hands.
  • Avoid touching or rubbing your eyes.
  • Avoid sharing eye and face makeup, makeup brushes, contact lenses and containers, and eyeglasses.

Source: http://www.cdc.gov/features/conjunctivitis/

Thursday, September 8, 2016

Hepatitis A: What you need to know

Image result for fight hep a pdf hawaii

What is Hepatitis A?
Hepatitis A is a contagious liver infection caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV).  The disease can range from a mild illness lasting 1 or 2 weeks to a severe illness lasting for several months.  HAV is found in the stool of people with hepatitis A infection and is usually spread by eating contaminated food or drinking water and can be spread through close personal/sexual contact.  A person who has hepatitis A can easily pass the disease to others within the same household.

What are the symptoms of hepatitis A infection?
Not everyone has symptoms.  If symptoms develop, they can include:
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Headache and/or body ache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Stomach pain
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Dark colored urine
  • Pale colored stools
  • Yellow skin and eyes (Jaundice—may develop several days to a week after other symptoms begin)
Persons should seek medical attention immediately should they develop symptoms.

How long is a person with hepatitis A contagious?
Patients with hepatitis A are most contagious during the 1 to 2 weeks before the symptoms start until at least 1 week after the start of first symptoms.

Where can I get vaccinated for hepatitis A?
For a list of pharmacies that provide hepatitis A vaccine, go tohttp://health.hawaii.gov/docd/files/2013/07/IMM_Adult_Resource_List.pdf

What is the treatment for hepatitis A infection?
There is no special treatment for persons with hepatitis A infection.  Most persons with hepatitis A infection will recover without complications but may require supportive therapy (e.g. fluids orally or, in some cases, given through the vein, medicines to control fever) and close monitoring by their physician.  Persons should seek medical attention if they develop symptoms of hepatitis A infection.
Image result for fight hep a pdf hawaii
Source: http://health.hawaii.gov/docd/dib/disease/hepatitis-a/ 

Friday, September 2, 2016

National Childhood Obesity Month

Image result for fruits vegetables
September is National Childhood Obesity Awareness Month

One in 3 children in the United States is overweight or obese. Childhood obesity puts kids at risk for health problems that were once seen only in adults, like type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease. 

The good news? Childhood obesity can be prevented. Communities, health professionals, and families can work together to create opportunities for kids to eat healthier and move more. Make a difference for kids: Spread the word about strategies for preventing childhood obesity and encourage communities, organizations, families, and individuals to get involved.
How can National Childhood Obesity Awareness Month make a difference?
We can all use this month to raise awareness about the obesity epidemic and show people how they can take action toward a solution - both at home and in the larger community. Here are just a few ideas:
  • Encourage families to make small changes, like keeping fresh fruit within their children's reach or going on a family walk after dinner.
  • Make schools healthier by providing quality nutrition and making sure physical activity is a part of every student's day.
  • Support programs to prevent childhood obesity.
Eating fruits and vegetables provides many health benefits. For example, people who eat a healthy, balanced diet - including plenty of vegetables and fruits - can lower their risk for some chronic disease, like heart disease and type 2 diabetes. However, most of us don't eat enough fruits and vegetables:
  • Only 1 in 3 adults eat the recommended amount of fruits every day.
  • Only 1 in 4 adults eat the recommended amount of vegetables every day.
The good news? Communities, teachers, health professionals, and families can work together to encourage people to eat more fruits and vegetables. Make a difference: Spread the word about tips for healthy eating and encourage communities, organizations, families, and individuals to get involved.

How can Fruits & Veggies - More Matters Month make a difference?
We can all use this month to raise awareness about the importance of eating fruits and vegetables. Here are just a few ideas
  • Encourage families to make small changes together, like keeping fresh fruit within their children's reach or fresh cut carrot sticks in the fridge.
  • Make healthy meals: Buy and serve more vegetables, fruits, and whole-grain foods
  • Walk around the neighborhood, go on a bike ride, or play basketball at the park. 
  • Limit screen time: Keep screen time (time spent on the computer, watching TV, or playing videos games) to 2 hours or less a day. 
Get Involved and take action to increase awareness about childhood obesity. 

1. Host a community cleanup event to help make a neighborhood park safer for children to be active.

2. Promote farm-to-school programs (http://www.fns.usda.gov/farmtoschool/farmschool) and school gardens. Encourage schools to join the HealthierUS School Challenge (http://www.fns.usda.gov/hussc/healthierus-school-challenge). 

3. Host a community fitness event where families can get active while learning about local health and fitness resources. 

4. Set an example by talking with family members and friends about eating healthy, getting enough physical activity, and limiting screen time. 

5. Share resources from Let’s Move! (http://www.letsmove.gov/resources) with local health clinics and community centers. 

Small Changes Make BIG Differences!!